The World Health Organization (WHO) has launched a global network of laboratories called CoViNet, which aims to identify and monitor potential novel coronaviruses.

    1. CoViNet will not only focus on SARS-CoV-2 but will also assess other coronaviruses like MERS-CoV by enhancing laboratory capabilities.
    2. The network will include animal health and environmental monitoring to provide timely risk assessments, informing WHO policies and protective measures.
    3. CoViNet aims to support the establishment of more laboratories in low- and middle-income countries to monitor MERS-CoV and other important coronaviruses.
    4. CoViNet includes 36 laboratories from 21 countries across all six WHO regions, including three laboratories from India.

    In This Context, RNA viruses, particularly coronaviruses, are a major concern. Some coronaviruses, such as those responsible for the common cold, cause mild illnesses. However, others, like SARS-CoV, MERS-CoV, and SARS-CoV-2, have resulted in severe outbreaks and pandemics.

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